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EUROPEAN UNION LEGAL BLOG
EU LEGAL BLOG
IMPORTANT NOTICE :
THE INFORMATION BELOW IS NOT FULLY UP TO DATE
THIS IS AN OLD BLOG NOT REFLECTING CHANGES
MADE BY THE LISBON TREATY
which came into force December 1, 2009.
As found in the Wikipedia article on the Lisbon Treaty, these major changes are: * There is now a European Council President who has a 2½ year term and de facto replaces the previously existing rotating presidency. * A single foreign affairs post has been created by merging the External Relations Commissioner with the CFSP High Representative. * The Charter of Fundamental [Human] Rights from 2000 has been made legally binding with opt-out provisions for some countries. * The previously existing three "Pillars" of the EU have been merged into 1 legal person increasing the EU's competence to sign treaties. * The European Council has been separated officially from the Council of Ministers. Legislative meetings of the Council of Ministers are to be held in public. * The European Union Parliament has been made more powerful through the extension of codecision with the Council of Ministers to more areas of policy. * A clause for withdrawal of a country from the European Union has been added. * From 2014 onwards, more double majority voting applies to new areas of policy in the European Council and the Council of Ministers. * National parliaments have been more engaged in EU processes by expanding the time for their scrutiny of pending legislation and enabling them to jointly compel the European Commission to review or withdraw legislation. * Mutual solidarity is obliged if a member state is the object of a terrorist attack or the victim of a natural or man-made disaster. * A Citizens' Initiative is to be considered by the European Commission if it is signed by 1 million citizens. * Combating climate change is explicitly stated as an objective. * Created the basis for eventual establishment of the office of an EU Public Prosecutor. * A European External Action Service (EEAS) was established.
For other important changes see also e.g.
OMM on the Lisbon Treaty.
We are also working to correct or replace all defective links. Thank you.
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